2011 -- The European Union has formally lifted the sanctions on Libyan Airlines that were re-imposed in March. This clears the way for the airline to begin repairing or renewing its fleet as the country rebuilds after the uprising. In the official gazette issued this week, the EU has also lifted the restrictions on purchase of equipment and services for the airport industry.
2011 -- Kalitta Air B747-200F cargo plane, N792CK, loaded with $900,000 worth of food, medical aid, soap, blankets and cooking kits from the United States touched down at Pyongyang's Sunan airport late today. This small yet symbolic shipment of emergency relief items to flood-hit North Korea provided by the United States is the latest sign of thawing ties between the wartime foes. The North Carolina-based aid group Samaritan's Purse said it has pledged $1.2 million in addition to the $900,000 that the U.S. government has allocated for aid to North Korea through U.S.-based charities. The agency said it has worked with the U.S. government and several Christian organizations to send the aid as they try to continue gaining humanitarian access to North Korea.
2011 -- In the latest in an unusually high number of aviation incidents this week involving Indian airports, an aircraft from Indian budget carrier Spice Jet made an emergency landing in Mumba.
2011 -- Russia successfully tested its Topol strategic missile with a new warhead designed to breach missile shields, Russian news agencies reported, citing the defense ministry. The Topol intercontinental missile used has been operational for 23 years. According to the ministry of defense report, the missile was produced in 1988 and had remained in service until March 2011. The launch confirmed the 23-year service life of the missile. Earlier test, conducted in 2010, extended Topol's service life to 23 years. The ministry of defense representative mentioned that today's launch could allow further extension of Topol's service.
2011 -- Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board ∙ Division on Engineering and; Physical Sciences ∙ September 2011: "Rising concerns about meteoroids and orbital debris, which put spacecraft and astronauts in potential danger, have prompted decision-makers to look into strategies for lessening the hazard they pose. Derelict satellites, equipment, paint fragments and other debris orbiting Earth—also called “space junk”—have been accumulating over many decades and could significantly damage, or even possibly destroy, satellites and human spacecraft if they collide. In 2010, NASA asked the National Research Council to evaluate the programs within the agency responsible for addressing meteoroids and orbital debris. This report examines NASA’s efforts to understand the meteoroid and orbital debris environment, what NASA is and is not doing to mitigate the risks posed by this threat, and how they can improve their programs.
2010 -- UAE investigation team finds blackbox of UPS 747. UPS plane went down in a ball of fire¹ in military area between Emirates Road and Al Ain Highway in Dubai killing 2 pilots.
2010 -- The South Sudan military takes delivery of first shipment of four Mi-17 military transport helicopters from Russia; a total of 10 for $75 million have been ordered.
2010 -- UPS Flight 6 operated by Boeing 747-44AF N571UP crashed shortly after take-off from Dubai International Airport, killing both crew and destroying the aircraft.
2007 -- Millionaire adventurer Steve Fossett (63), crashed his single-engine Bellanca airplane into a mountainside near Mammoth Lakes, California. His plane and remains weren't found until almost 13 months later.
2000 -- NASA data showed the ozone hole at just under 11 million square miles - the biggest it had ever been. Record low temperatures in the stratosphere are believed to have helped the expansion of the ozone hole during the southern hemisphere's spring season. Antarctic ozone depletion starts in July, when sunlight triggers chemical reactions in cold air trapped over the South Pole during the Antarctic winter. It intensifies during August and September before tailing off as temperatures rise in late November of early December. Depletion of the ozone layer over Antarctica and the Arctic is being monitored because ozone protects Earth from harmful ultraviolet radiation. September 9, the hole had grown over Chile.
1998 -- A Swissair plane flying from New York to Geneva has crashed in the sea off the coast of Nova Scotia, just over an hour after taking off. All 229 passengers and crew were killed in what was the worst crash in Swissair's history. Ten U.N. officials were among the fatalities, including Jonathan Mann, the founding director of the World Health Organisation's global Aids program. It is believed the fire which caused the crash was the result of faulty wiring in the cockpit.
1984 -- 35,000 British troops are air-transported to West Germany for the Lionheart and Cold Fire exercises. This is the largest deployment of British troops since WW II.
1982 -- U.S. President Reagan signed into law Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act,Title V of which was the Airport and Airway Improvement Act of 1982. Increasing aviation user taxes, the act raised the airline passenger ticket tax from five to 8 percent, increased the general aviation gasoline tax from four to 12 cents a gallon, levied a 14-cent-a-gallon jet fuel tax, and reimposed the 5 percent air cargo tax and the $3 international departure fee.
1976 -- The unmanned spacecraft Viking II landed on Mars and took the first pictures of the surface of Mars. Its twin, Viking I, was the first to arrive on the surface of Mars on July 20, 1976. Each lander housed instruments that examined the physical and magnetic properties of the soil; analyzed the atmosphere and weather patterns of Mars; and determined any evidence of past or present life.
1955 -- British Squadron Leader J.S. Fifield in England makes the 1st successful demonstration of the use of an ejection seat from a moving aircraft while still on the ground. He ejects from a modified Gloster Meteor 7 that is traveling 120-mph.
1949 -- A U.S. Air Force B-29 detected a radioactive cloud over the Pacific, which indicated that the Soviets had detonated an atomic device.
1944 -- (Fifteenth Air Force):300+ B-17s and B-24s hit key escape routes of retreating German forces in the Balkans. They also bomb rail communications and supply lines S from Budapest, Hungary, 3 bridges in the Belgrade, Yugoslavia area, bridges at Szajol and Szeged, Hungary, and badly damage ferry docks at Smederovo, Yugoslavia; 3 B-17s evacuate interned airmen from Bucharest, Rumania; 40 P-38s divebomb the Smederovo ferry and strafe Kovin and Baviniste, Yugoslavia airfields and a landing ground, destroying many parked aircraft, motor transport, vehicles, and fuel tanks; and 75 P-51s strafe roads, railroads, vehicles, bivouac areas, railroad repair shops, and miscellaneous targets in the Skoplje-Nish-Krusevac-Belgrade, Yugoslavia areas. (Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 12 B-24s pound marshalling yards at Nanking; 7 B-25s destroy at least 45 trucks and damage about 100 others during armed reconnaissance from Hengyang to Tungting Lake and Yoyang; 2 others bomb Hengyang Airfield; 100+ P-40s, P-51s, and P-38s attack troops, railroad targets, bridges, and other targets of opportunity in areas around Changning, Hengyang, Sungpai, Chuki, Yangtien, Hengshan, and in French Indochina, near Haiphong, and in the Red River Valley. (Seventh Air Force): Saipan Island-based B-24s bomb Iwo Jima Island, Volcano Islands. In the Mariana Islands, P-47s hit Pagan and Maug Islands with rockets. A lone B-24 on armed reconnaissance bombs Yap Island. (Far East Air Force): On Celebes Island, B-24s pound Langoan Airfield and Lembeh Strait warehouses and shipping. B-25s hit the village of Tobelo on Halmahera Island. Fighter-bombers hit oil tanks and a radio station at Boela on Ceram Island. In New Guinea, fighter-bombers hit Babo, Warren and Nabire Airfields, Manokwari storage and personnel areas, strafe areas along MacCluer Gulf, and fly coastal sweeps in the Wewak area, strafing troops, supplies, and occupied areas. (Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 4 B-25s attack and slightly damage the Tabpalai Bridge NE of Hsipaw; 1 B-25 knocks out the center span of a railroad bridge in the area and another causes considerable damage at Indaw.
1939 -- At 1130 hours, air-raid warning sirens sound in the London area for the first time. However, the warning is a false alarm, triggered by the detection of a French aircraft, en route to the United Kingdom, that had not filed a flight plan.The mass evacuation of children from cities to the reception areas considered safe has been proceeding for three days. By tonight 1,473,391 evacuees, including escorts and teachers, have arrived in the reception areas. 827,000 are school children traveling with their teachers, 535,000 are women expecting babies or with children under school age. Residents who take evacuees will be paid 10/6 for one child and 8/6 for each extra child. Cinemas (movie theaters) are closed throughout the country to prevent concentrations of people being caught in air raids, which never materialise. Except for those in the centre of London, cinemas re-open within the next two weeks. As a result, UK cinema admissions dip by 30 per cent during the first month of war but by November are already above average and continue to grow to record levels by 1946.
1939 -- A Bristol Blenheim IV (N6215) of No.139 Squadron is the first Royal Air Force aircraft to cross the German frontier after war is declared. Between 1200 and 1650 hours the Blenheim, flown by Flying Officer A. McPherson, carries out a photographic and visual reconnaissance of German naval ports. Although the crew, which includes a naval observer, Commander Thompson, sight a number of warships in the Schillig Roads off Wilhelmshaven, their radio is unserviceable and they are unable to report until they return to Wyton. Flying Officer McPherson is subsequently awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.
1939 -- RAF Bomber Command conducts the Royal Air Force's first operational sorties of WW II, when eighteen Handley Page Hampdens and nine Vickers Wellingtons of RAF Bomber Command undertake a search for German naval shipping. However, they do not locate any targets and all return safely.
1939 -- Pilot Officer John Noel Isaac of No.600 Squadron becomes the first Briton to die in WW II when his Bristol Blenheim crashes into Heading Street in Hendon 1 hour, and 50 minutes after the British declaration of war.
1939 -- 3-4: The first propaganda leaflet raid by 10 Armstrong Whitworth Whitleys of No.51 and No.58 squadrons drops 5.4 million leaflets (13 tons) over targets included Hamburg, Bremen, and the Ruhr, nicknamed the "bumph raid."
1939 -- At 1115 hours local, no reply has been received from the Germans to the British ultimatum which expired at 1100 hours; Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain broadcasts from the Cabinet room of 10 Downing Street: "I am speaking to you from the Cabinet Room at Ten Downing Street. This morning the British Ambassador in Berlin handed the German Government a final note, stating that, unless the British Government heard from them by eleven o'clock that they are prepared at once to withdraw their troops from Poland, a state of war would exist between us. I have to tell you that no such undertaking has been received, and that consequently this country was at war with Germany. You can imagine what a bitter blow it was to me that all my long struggle to win peace has failed. We have done all that any country could do to establish peace. The situation in which no word given by Germany's ruler could be trusted, and no people or country could feel themselves safe, has become intolerable.... We have resolved to finish it. It was the evil things we shall be fighting against - brute force, bad faith, injustice, oppression and persecution... ...and against them I am certain that the right will prevail." In the United States of America, President Franklin D. Roosevelt declares in a fireside chat that the U.S. would remain a neutral nation in regard to the war in Europe, but he could not ask every American to remain neutral in thought as well as action.
1939 -- European air services are temporarily suspended.
1937 -- The first successful use of Air-to-Surface Vessel (ASV) radar equipment occurs when the battleship HMS Rodney and the aircraft carrier HMS Courageous are located at a range of 5 miles.
1932 -- Major J.H. Doolittle wins the American National Air Race in Cleveland, flying a Granville Gee Bee racer at a new world record speed of 476kph (296mph).
1925 -- The USN rigid dirigible USS Shenandoah (ZR-1) was torn apart in a severe line squall before daylight over Byesville, Ohio. The control car and after section >of the hull fell directly to the ground, while the forward section with seven men aboard free-ballooned for an hour before they landed safely 12 miles from the scene of the crash. In all there were 29 survivors, but 14 were killed including Lieutenant Commander Zachary Lansdowne, the commanding officer.
1924 -- Regular airmail service in Canada begins with flights by Laurentide Air Service Ltd. It carried out operations in both Québec and Ontario, including passenger and freight service from Haileybury, Ontario, to Rouyn, Québec, in addition to airmail.
1922 -- Bessie Coleman performs the first public flight by an African-American woman in the United States.
1908 -- Orville Wright makes his 1st flight at Fort Meyer, Virginia, circling the field one-and-one-half times. During the next two weeks, he conducts a series of 14 long, high, and impressive flights, many of which set new records and are witnessed by government officials.
¹ Investigators are now trying to verify which cargo aboard the Boeing 747-400 was located just forward of the starboard wing, where the fire erupted. The smoke-filled cockpit that reduced visibility for its two pilots who were killed in the accident. They requested Bahrain Air Traffic Control for permission to land the plane thre. However, due to the Plane’s high altitude, Bahrain directed the plane to turn around to Dubai for easier landing.
The UAE Air Traffic Control (ATC) centre issued a clearance when the aircraft was approximately 40km from touchdown.
However, because the UPS plane was high on approach, it overshot the airfield and rapidly lost altitude.
By 7.42pm, radar contact was lost.
The two UPS pilots have been identified as Captain Doug Lampe and first officer Matthew Bell.
A team from the US National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB), led by investigator Bill English, is in Dubai and is working closely with the General Civil Aviation Authority (GCAA) of the UAE and a team from UPS.
2. On this day when the first Briton died in WW II, it probably was no comfort to recall that on this day in 1933, German Chancellor Adolf Hitler renounced war except against Bolshevism stating ". . . because the German people know that no war could take place which would gain for their country more honor than was won in the last war . . . Germany is not in need of rehabilitation on the battle-field, for there she had never lost her prestige. . . . By waging war on Bolshevism, Germany . . . is fulfilling a European mission. . . ."